Health Inequalities are avoidable and unfair differences in access to health, and experiences and outcomes of health.
Things that sometimes impact health inequalities include:
Socio-economic status and deprivation, eg, unemployed, low income, people living in deprived areas (eg, poor housing, poor education and/or unemployment)
Protected characteristics, eg, age, sex, race, sexual orientation, disability
Vulnerable groups of society sometimes known as ‘inclusion health’ groups but that might include people who are vulnerable, migrants, Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities, rough sleepers and homeless people and night/sex workers.
There is a pressing social justice and economic case for addressing health inequalities. People living in the most deprived areas will die on average seven years earlier than those dying in the richest neighbourhoods. Those living in deprived areas do not only die younger, but also have less quality of life, as they are more likely to live with disability. It is estimated that these health inequalities cost £36 billion to £40 billion a year.